2. Gender of nouns

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Introduction:

Spanish language has 2 genders, masculine (m) and feminine (f), applicable to articles, pronouns, nouns and adjetives.

In this section, we will talk about nouns, because articles, pronouns and adjetives will have their own sections

How I can know if a noun is masculine or feminine?

There are no fixed rules, but most words ending in "o" or "e" are masculine and most ending in "a" are feminine. This rule works with 90% of the words.

In our "vocabulary" section you can find lots of new words to learn and also their gender (m) or (f).

Here there are some rules and examples, is not necessary that you memorize everything, just follow this course and slowly you will be learning them without realizing it, this is only to have a small base.

2 genders, 2 forms:

Is the most common for words associated with people, there is a word for the male and another for the female. Here you can learn how to form the feminine form of some nouns.

(m)
(f)
 
Ejemplo
Example
-o
-a
el hijo, la hija
the son, the daughter
-o
-esa
el diablo, la diablesa
the devil (m) / (f)
-o
-ina
el gallo, la gallina
the cock, the hen
-e
-a
el dependiente, la dependienta
the shop assistant (m) / (f)
-e
-esa
el conde, la condesa
the Count, the Countess
-e
-ina
el héroe, la heroína
the hero, the heroine
cons
cons+a
el profesor, la profesora
the teacher (m) / (f)
cons
cons+esa
el barón, la baronesa
the Baron, the Baroness
cons
cons+ina
el zar, la zarina
the Tsar (m) / (f)
-tor
-triz
el actor, la actriz
the actor, the actress

2 genders 1 form:

Sometimes the same noun is used for masculine and feminin.

 
Ejemplo (m) / (f)
Example
el estudiante, la estudiante
the student (m) / (f)
el policía, la policía
the policeman, the policewoman
el mar, la mar
the sea
el calor, la calor
the heat

1 gender 1 form:

This is the most common case for nouns non related with a person.

 
Ejemplo (f)
Example
la silla
the chair
la casa
the house
la mesa
the table
la luna
the moon
 
Ejemplo (m)
Example
el coche
the car
el árbol
the tree
el mercado
the market
el sol
the sun

35 = treinta y cinco

12 = doce