7. Personal Pronouns

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In spanish as in english language, we have 3 persons that can appear in singular (s) or plural (p).

Table of personal pronouns

Notice that some of them are in both forms, masculin and feminin.

(s)
(p)
 
(s)
(p)
yo
nosotros
I
we
vosotros, vosotras
you
you
él, ella, *usted
ellos, ellas, *ustedes
he, she, *you
they, *you

Polite form (3rd person)

Probably you noticed in the previous table that there are 2 pronouns marked with *. These are the polite forms of pronoun "you", in english they don't exist, but in spanish you have to know them and use them according to the conversation and the person you are talking to. When you speak in polite or formal way, always use 3rd person.

Let's see some examples to notice the difference:

Usted: Asking a question with a person you don't know
¿Me podría decir usted la hora por favor?
Please, can you tell me what is the time?

Tú: Conversation between a daughter and her mother
Oye mamá, ¿has visto mi muñeca?
Hey mom, have you seen my doll?

Now in plural form:

Ustedes: Conversation with the staff
Ustedes entregaron el informe económico.
You submitted the economic inform.

Tú: Conversation with friends
¿Vosotros quereis jugar un partido de fútbol mañana?
Do you want to play a football match tomorrow?

Latin-America changes

  • In Argentina they use "vos" as pronoun "tú"

  • In some Latin-America countries and in Canary Islands is common to use only the polite form "ustedes" and not "vosotros", it doesn't matter if the people you ar speaking to are your friends or family, they don't use the "vosotros" form, anyways if you learn it and use it there, they will understand you.

30 = treinta

grandmother = abuela