12. Verb estar

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As we saw in previous lessons, "estar" is generaly used for temporal statements or situations of verb to be.

Let's see when to use the verb "estar":



Temporal state or condition:

Verb "Estar"
La comida esta muy sabrosa
The food is very tasty
Este café está muy caliente
This coffe is too hot
El día está nublado
The day is cloudy


Places and locations:

*Note: Just to express the position (estar) not the origin (ser)

  • Soy de Sevilla (I am from Sevilla) Origin

  • Estoy en Sevilla (I am in Sevilla) Position

Verb "Estar"
Barcelona está en España
Barcelona is in Spain
Fernando y María están de vacaciones en Madrid
Fernando and María are on hollyday in Madrid


Phisical and mind states:

Verb "Estar"
Hoy estamos aburridos
We are bored today
El perro está cansado de tanto correr
The dog is tired of running too much
Hoy Juan aprobó el examen y está muy contento
Today Juan passed the exam and he is very happy


With progressive tenses:

"Estar" is used as auxiliar verb for expressing progressive verb actions (continuous tenses). We will study this later in next lessons.

Verb "Estar"
Estamos preparando la comida
We are preparing the lunch
Lucía y Laura están jugando al baloncesto
Lucía and Laura are playing basketball

director = director

economist = economista