1. Alphabet

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Spanish alphabet is composed by 27 letters, 5 of them are vowels (vocales) and 22 consonants (consonantes).

The table below shows all the letters, I could explain one by one how to pronounce them but I think the best and the easiest way is to listen and practice. Most of these sounds are very easy to pronounce, just try!.

Note: The letters and sounds that are a little bit more complex will be explained in the next pronunciation lessons.

Read, listen and practice...

Letter
Sound
Ejemplo
Example
a
a
/a/
la casa, la comida
the house, the food
b
be
/b/
la botella, el balón
the bottle, the ball
c
ce
/k/,/θ/,/s/
* Lesson 2 *
d
de
/d/
el día, el deporte
the day, the sport
e
e
/e/
el edificio, la escalera
the building, the stairs
f
efe
/f/
el fuego, la fruta
the fire, the fruit
g
ge
/ɡ/,/x/,/h/
* Lesson 3 *
h
hache
mute
hola, el hospital
hello, the hospital
i
i
/i/
la iglesia, el idioma
the church, the language
j
jota
/x/,/h/
el jardín, el juego
the garden, the game
k
ka
/k/
el kanguro, el ketchup
the kangaroo, the ketchup
l
ele
/l/
el limón, el lapicero
the lemon, the pencil
m
eme
/m/
la madre, el mes
the mother, the month
n
ene
/n/
el número, la naranja
the number, the orange
ñ
eñe
/ɲ/
España, el pañal
Spain, the dipper
o
o
/o/
el ojo, el oído
the eye, the ear
p
pe
/p/
el país, el pez
the country, the fish
q
cu
/k/
* Lesson 4 *
r
erre
/r/,/ɾ/
* Lesson 5 *
s
ese
/s/
el sábado, la sopa
the saturday, the soup
t
te
/t/
la tetera, la tarta
the teapot, the pie
u
u
/u/
uno, la universidad
one, the university
v
uve
/b/
la vaca, el vino
the cow, the wine
w
uve doble
/ɡw/
la web, el water polo
the web, the water polo
x
equis
/ks/
el xilófono, el taxi
the xylophone, the taxi
y
i griega
/ʝ/,/i/
el yogur, la playa
the yogurt, the beach
z
zeta
/θ//s/
los zapatos, la plaza
the shoes, the square

Note: A lot of people has problems to pronounce "z", if you want an explanation go to the next lesson. The way to pronounce "z" is the same than "c" when it's followed by "e" or "i".

22 = veintidós

city hall = ayuntamiento